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Sudan's troubled past

 INSP 30 June 2019

Sudan was under British-Egyptian rule between 1899 and 1956. The north and south were separated until 1946. During this period the majority of development was focused in the north, with the southern states and other peripheral regions, including Darfur, both politically and economically marginalised. (209 Words) - By Danielle Batist

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A man stands on an abandoned bus on the road from Juba to Yei. Photo: Simon Murphy

When the country gained independence, the Islamist government in the north continued to neglect the Christian and animist dominated south, leading to the first civil war which cost half a million lives.

A temporary peace deal was reached in 1972, but fighting broke out again in 1983. When the Second Sudanese War came to an end in 2005, it went into the history books as Africa's longest and bloodiest civil war. According to UN estimates, 2 million people have been killed in the conflict, and more than 4 million have been forced to flee their homes.

Part of the peace deal in 2005 was the promise of a referendum on separation for the south, which took place in January this year. Almost 99 per cent of voters opted for independence. On July 9th, Africa's largest country will split in half. Salva Kiir, leader of the former rebels of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), will become the first president of the Republic of South Sudan.

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