The small Canadian Northwest Territories community of Deline is adjusting to self-rule following a 20-year campaign to regulate its own laws. Its 500 inhabitants achieved independence on 1 September, allowing it to take control of its education, language use, welfare and land planning, among other laws. Northwest Territories Premier Bob McLeod said Deline was “an inspiration.”
Groups of activists last week turned pipes off in several states after breaking through low-level security fences with bolt cutters. The co-ordinated low tech attacks shone a light on the vulnerability of North America’s enormous oil and gas pipelines. Yet, the sabotage is not isolated to the U.S. Gas lines have been targeted recently by militants in Nigeria and Iraqi conflict zones - while in Mexico, thieves regularly siphon fuel from pipelines.
In the sleepy town of Melendugno, a grove of olive trees – some of which are believed to be more than 400 years old – are standing in the way of Brussels’ attempts to diversify away from a reliance on Russia for energy. They are directly in the path of a $45 billion pipeline designed to bring gas from central Asia. Developers have the approval of Rome, but are being thwarted by the local authority.
There are more than 2,000 mass burial sites estimated to lie across Spain dating from the 1936 to 1939 civil war and the ensuing dictatorship of General Francisco Franco. Eighty years after the start of the conflict, authorities are finally backing efforts to recuperate some of the more than 100,000 victims forcibly 'disappeared' during that time. In city of Valladolid, the council has paid for excavation work to start uncovering graves archaeologists believe conceal more than 1,000 men and women.
Though there have been heavier rains in the U.S. due to global warming, a new study has shown that there has been no countrywide shift in flooding patterns. It is hoped that the study will help focus resources to deal with a changing climate.
Two Ukrainian artists explain how they have turned bullets, shell cases and shrapnel into art. Daniel Green and Daria Marchenko use the “energy” of the country’s civil war to create works that are due to tour the U.S.
The fighting in Syria's besieged enclave of eastern Aleppo has killed 338 people in the past few weeks, including 106 children, while 846 have been injured, including 261 children, a senior World Health Organization official said on Friday. "We are asking for four things: stop the killing, stop attacks on health care, let the sick and wounded out and let the aid in," WHO's head of emergency risk management and humanitarian response told a U.N. briefing in Geneva. Editing by Gareth Jones
In a bid to draw attention to the plight of refugees travelling across the Mediterranean Sea, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has created controversy by hanging bright orange rubber dinghies from a Renaissance palace in Florence. Entitled "Libero" (Freedom), the artist’s installation has been criticised for spoiling harmony around the central area of the north Italian city. Motivated by his own life experiences, Ai says, "I have enormous respect for those people who fight for their freedom.”
Despite the danger to their lives, there is now a network of state officials throughout Italy who openly oppose the control of the Mafia. One deputy mayor who helped convict a Mafia boss in the town of Mondragone, north of Naples, faced a bomb plot as a result. He has since been diagnosed with depression. The supportive network also combats corruption. But they face an uphill struggle - in Italy since 1991, 212 town councils have been dissolved due to Mafia infiltration.
Some 400 families live in Rajo camp in Somalia's capital Mogadishu. It is home for internally displaced people in the African nation, which has been gripped by famine and violence for much of the last 25 years. It was also the backdrop to Mohamed Noor and Huda Omar’s wedding. "Life is about who you marry, not the type of home you live in," said the bride. "I love him."
Many transgender people report being harassed, ridiculed or even assaulted in the doctor’s office. Society is gradually learning the basics of gender identity, but the medical profession has been slow to adapt, according to leaders in transgender medicine, transgender advocates and patients. Tanya Walker had lung cancer and was coughing up blood, but she says her emergency room doctor kept asking about her genitals. "It seemed like they weren't going to treat me unless I told them what genitals I had," she says.
Tensions are rising among the community of three million people with a Turkish background in Germany, following the failed attempted political coup against Turkey’s leadership in July. The community has spilt into supporters of President Tayyip Erdoğan and his opponents. With Chancellor Angela Merkel’s open-door refugee policy still under fire and at the forefront of German minds, the rivalries raise questions about the success of the integration of Turks, some of whom have lived in Germany for decades.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Office of Criminal Investigations has spent thousands of hours pursuing foreign-imported, mis-labelled drugs. An investigation by Sarah N. Lynch for Reuters makes links between the fact more than half of all OCI cases end without charges and critics’ contentions that a string of agency policies protect drug makers as much as consumers.
The village of Brih in Lebanon has been home to both Christians and Druze – adherents to a small but influential offshoot of Islam that emerged in the 11th century – for generations. But when Lebanon descended into civil war in the 1970s, the two communities found themselves pitted against each other. It took the accidental death of local man and the revival of a local tradition to carry his coffin together to heal old wounds. Twenty-six years after the end of Lebanon's civil war, the story of Brih is a reminder of how long it can take to stitch together societies torn apart by war.
The arrival in Florida of Zika – the virus that can cause crippling birth defect microcephaly – has highlighted the limitations of the U.S mosquito control arsenal. This Reuters report reveals the economic difficulty in encouraging companies to develop pesticides for use in public health outbreaks. Michael Doyle, director of the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District says: "We're kind of caught off guard."
Islamic State fighters in Libya have abducted at least 540 refugees in six separate ambushes over the past 18 months. Many of the women captives are being turned into sex slaves to reward the extremist group’s warriors. Reuters heard first-hand accounts from nine such women, now seeking asylum in Europe. Their stories are the first corroborated accounts of how Islamic State turns refugee women into sex slaves, using them as human currency to attract and reward fighters in Libya.
"Peace Valley" cemetery in Iraq is the largest graveyard in the world. As so-called Islamic State continues its campaign of violence, it is growing at double its usual rate. This Reuters photo series shows the scale of the burials.
Even as Japanese authorities insist they leave, Kurdish migrants are working without permits on tax-funded government projects. Japan’s strict immigration rules combined with a shrinking work population has spawned a black market in labour. They inhabit a legal twilight zone, locked in lengthy struggles with an immigration system that recognised just 27 people as refugees last year. Like most Kurds, Balibay is on provisional release work without contracts, is paid in cash and can be laid off without warning.
At Winthrop in northern Washington state, rookies are drilled through a five-week training programme to become smokejumpers – firefighters who arrive by parachute to extinguish forest fires. On one hot day in June, Washington resident and freelance photographer, David Ryder, captured what it takes to be “the elite of the elite.”
With Rome feeling the heat of soaring temperatures this summer, volunteers have set up a camp for boat migrants from Africa in sight of one of the city’s busy train stations. Known as the Baobab centre, scenes of men, women and children sleeping on mattresses in the road have become commonplace. With local residents voicing their frustrations of the rising numbers of migrants and lack of sanitary facilities and security, pressure is being focused on city government officials to find more suitable shelter locations.